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Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, «vurtuous», «gracious») is the supreme deity (pratyadhidevata) of the Sun. Shiva means what is auspicious, tranquil, peaceful or at rest. It also refers to the states of death and liberation (moksha). Shiva is called Sham-bhu or Sham-kara, the giver or maker of what is auspicious or of peace, as well as Sada-shiva, the one who is eternally or perpetually Shiva or auspicious. Astrologically, the Sun is the original light and final abode of all.

In Hindu Dharna, the main form of the great God is Shiva, Mahadeva. The Sun represents God or the Cosmic Lord in general, the cosmic masculine principle.

See also