Sanskrit

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Sanskrit — (/ˈsænskrɪt/; संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam [səmskr̩t̪əm], originally संस्कृता वाक् saṃskṛtā vāk, "refined speech") is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in the Indian cultural zone. It is a standardised dialect of Old Indo-Aryan language, originating as Vedic Sanskrit and tracing its linguistic ancestry back to Proto-Indo-Iranian and Proto-Indo-European. Today it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India [1] and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand [2]. Sanskrit holds a prominent position in Indo-European studies [3].

The corpus of Sanskrit literature encompasses a rich tradition of poetry and drama as well as scientific, technical, philosophical and dharma texts. Sanskrit continues to be widely used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious rituals and Buddhist practice in the forms of hymns and mantras. Spoken Sanskrit has been revived in some villages with traditional institutions, and there are attempts at further popularisation.

References

  1. "Indian Constitution Art.344(1) & Art.345". Web.archive.org. 4 October 2007. Archived from the original on 4 October 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-05.
  2. "Sanskrit is second official language in Uttarakhand – The Hindustan Times". Hindustantimes.com. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 2012-04-05.
  3. Benware, Wilbur (1974). The study of Indo-European vocalism in the 19th century : from the beginnings to Whitney and Scherer : a critical-historical account. Amsterdam: Benjamins. pp. 25–27. ISBN 978-90-272-0894-1.